Waste is produced by various activities and some of the waste produced can be hazardous.
Hazardous waste is that waste that has chemical, biological or physical properties that can be infectious, corrosive, or toxic. Some of this type of waste can also be radioactive, reactive or toxic, while others can get spontaneously ignited.
What is hazardous waste management but the dealing with the collection and disposal of this waste, so that it causes no further damage to the environment or to living things? Chemical waste is produced by production facilities that produce by-products that can be a danger. Biological wastes are those that come from hospitals and some other facility that are into biological research.
For the proper management of hazardous waste, it is important to pay attention to the method of collection, transport, and disposal. Waste has to be collected in such a way that it does not endanger life and property while doing so. Equipment used to collect the waste must be of a design that is not affected by the waste. Booms and skimmers must be able to direct the waste to holding tanks or other collection devices and ensure that the major part of the waste is removed. Procedures must also be in place to test the remaining sludge or material, to ensure that all the hazardous material is removed.
In many industries and other facilities that create hazardous waste , the problem of what is hazardous waste management is solved by designing methods and equipment that can treat the hazardous waste and render it harmless. In some cases, this can also lead to the recovery of costly materials that can then be reused and thus lead to lower costs.
Hazardous material may be required to be transported to disposal sites or recycling or treatment facilities. The transport must be carried out in containers that completely seal off the waste and do not allow it to spill during the transport. It is necessary to take abundant safety precautions to prevent leaks and other damage, and also have the trucks or vehicles carrying the waste to carry warning signs about the waste being carried.
Disposal of this waste has to pay proper attention to how the waste can lead to environmental damage, and then to take steps to see that this damage is totally prevented after the disposal.
Radioactive waste is often buried in lead and concrete. Infectious biological waste is often incinerated, though care has to be taken to see that the by-products after incineration do not become pollutants. Learn more about hazardous waste compliance here.